Let's Read English

Phonemics Awareness Skills

Phonemic Awareness Skills

The first stage of learning to read is the ability to differentiate between any units of sound called Phonemes. This is the introductory part of the Reading Skills Pyramid, which includes: 

A young reader should know the different sounds in words; this is called “phonemic awareness.” And also know the relationship between written words and those sounds “phonics.” This mastery enables students to recognize words easily (fluency), know the meaning of those words (vocabulary), and finally, be able to use those words to acquire new information (comprehension).

What Is Phonemic Awareness?

With the knowledge of phonemic, listeners will be able to hear, recognize and use the smallest units of sound (phonemes). However, you will know if your child can work with those units if he or she can do the following:

  • Identify the first sound in a particular word (e.g., zebra)
  • Recognize similar sound in a group of words (e.g., color, cake, candy)
  • Develop a new word by removing one phoneme and placing it in another word (e.g., bike becomes hike)
  • Identify all the independent phonemes in a word (e.g., dog -> d, o, g)
  • Combining different phonemes to form a single word (e.g., b, ī, k -> bike)

Phonemic awareness and phonological awareness are two different things. While the former is the ability to differentiate sounds from one another, the latter happens before phonemic awareness. Scholars without the knowledge or expertise of phonological awareness must understand the difference between “lice” and “rice” before they acknowledge that the “l” in lice and the “r” in rice are the alphabets that change the meaning of the word.

Why Is Phonemic Awareness Important?

Phonemic awareness is crucial. Without the skill, students can encounter difficulties in reading later. Phonemic awareness expertise is a component of learning how to read, which most people tend to neglect. Although each child has their learning style, most children learn to read, taking the same approach. While some can continue to the next level when steps are missed, others may be struggling later because of the previous steps they missed.

When this phonemic awareness is built, students will be intrigued by how words are presented in print. Reading with your child every day will help them advance their knowledge of print concepts and satisfy their curiosity. This curiosity in understanding words is essential for students learning the alphabet and phonics.

Writing boy

Phonemic Awareness Curriculum

Modern technology (computer or laptop) is a superb resource for tutoring phonemic awareness. Let’s Read English’s language arts curriculum gives a complete reading program that uses exciting and animated strategies to learning. Pre-reading expertise like phonemic awareness, phonological awareness, and the alphabet are taught.  This instructions will gradually help develop expertise before taking scholars to reading comprehension and phonics. 

The reading eagerness expertise in Let’s Read English’s award-winning classes is structured to enable early readers:

  • Isolate
  • identify
  • Combine
  • Segment
  • Remove
  • and Add

phonemes to enhance phonemic awareness. Because the form uses visual and auditory classes, this strategy is usually more helpful than the conventional method of using textbooks.

Additional Reading Resources