Let's Read English

Reading Skills Pyramid

Reading Skills Pyramid

Learning to read time is an interesting time for young learners and their families. While parents are excited about their young learner’s emerging reading skills and literacy level, some parents are surprised when they discover that reading is not automatic and that irrespective of family factor, young learners need help in learning to read and building solid reading skills.

In all stages of the reading pyramid, parents should be involved by:

  • Providing excellent academic resources
  • Initiating a system of daily reading
  • Building an excellent language environment
  • Detailing your child’s success level with tutors and following up on their suggestion
Students reading book in library.

The Reading Skills Pyramid

The Reading Skills Pyramid describes the method of concept acquisition that young learners take in being successful readers up to grade three. We suggest that parents should be involved in providing excellent academic materials, setting up a method of reading every day, developing a great language atmosphere, and discussing the learner’s progress with their tutors, and also following up based on their suggestions. While most learners take the same method of gaining literacy skills, they do that at different speeds. However, all young learners are different: so, if you have any questions about your child’s performance in reading, contact his/her tutor.

According to the “What Works?” report, the five major areas in learning to read are phonemic, comprehension, awareness, phonics, fluency, and vocabulary.

Develop phonemic awareness and letter-sounds

Research has shown that young learners who build phonemic awareness and letter-sound knowledge at the early stage are always excellent readers. Young learners develop their first skill of reading pyramid by reading out loud, playing letter and word games, and memorizing nursery rhymes. Teaching or well-planned computer classes can as well strengthen these skills effectively.

Find out more about phonemic awareness on our Phonemic Awareness page.  

Clever black girl concentrated on her online studies with laptop at summer park

Develop phonemic awareness and letter-sounds

Although learning how to read is not always sequential, there is a procedure the parts of reading are always taught. A learner must know how to reason and work with individual sounds (phonemes), identify the connection between letters and their sounds (graphemes), and finally know how to decrypt words (phonics).

Find out more about that on our Phonics Curriculum page.

Reading Fluency – Automatic Decoding

The third part of the reading skill pyramid and the connection between essential reading and excellent reading is reading fluency. Effective reading instruction in the basic reading parts will set the pace for fluent readers to get to the level of understanding the vocabulary and comprehension.

Find out more on our Reading Fluency page.

Building Vocabulary

The third part of the reading skill pyramid and the connection between essential reading and excellent reading is reading fluency. Effective reading instruction in the basic reading parts will set the pace for fluent readers to get to the level of understanding the vocabulary and comprehension.

Find out more on our Reading Fluency page.

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Reading Comprehension, understanding what you read

Comprehending what is being read is the main importance of reading success. An understanding strategy gives readers the resources to form useful information with text. Although a complex skill, it is an essential skill that is useful for almost all spheres of their future academic career, and also throughout their career and life. Learn more on our Reading Comprehension page

All these skills are acquired consecutively as expressed in the reading pyramid, with the later skills developing on the earlier one. At the early stage, learning to read starts with hearing books and stories read out loud, playing letter and word games, and rehearsing nursery rhymes. An organized online program like Let’s Read English can as well strengthen early reading skills. Once understood, young learners will be ready to learn phonics and start decrypting words.

Additional Reading Resources

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