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You will see the list of topics as well as activities that students are going to learn throughout the course for a particular subject in an eighth-grade scope and sequence.

Let’s Read English prepares the eight-grade scope and sequence for all subjects that parents choose. It will help them follow the sequence of the subjects that will be taught and may also include lesson objectives.

Chapter 1: “Number Systems”

Express numbers between zero and one in scientific notation.

Identify rational and irrational numbers and describe meanings.

Identify and explain absolute value.

Chapter 2: “Comparing Numbers with and Operations in Scientific Notation”

Compare large numbers in scientific notation.

Compare small numbers in scientific notation.

Add and subtract numbers in scientific notation.

Use scientific notation with technology

Chapter 3: “Real Numbers”

Convert repeating decimals to fractions.Calculate and approximate principal square roots.

Calculate and approximate principal square roots.

Use roots to solve equations.

Compare and order numbers in many forms including: fractions, decimals, scientific notation, absolute value, and radicals.

Use estimation for situations using real numbers.

Apply properties to solve problems with real numbers.

Simplify numerical expressions with real numbers.

Chapter 4: “Number Theory”

Use divisibility rules to solve problems.

Represent numbers in base ten in other bases (two, five, and eight) and vice versa.

Identify numbers as relatively prime.

Chapter 5: “Ratio, Proportion and Percent”

Describe and use rate of change to solve problems.

Use proportional relationships to find measures of length, weight or mass, and capacity or volume.

Solve real world problems involving percents greater than 100.

Compare two proportional relationships.

Chapter 6: “Real World Computation”

Solve real world problems with rational numbers (including integers, decimals and fractions).

Solve real world problems with ratios, rates, proportions, and percents.

Solve real world two- or three- step problems with integers, decimals, fractions, ratios, rates, proportions, and percents.

Chapter 7: “Expressions and Equations”

Substitute rational numbers into expressions and evaluate.

Substitute rational numbers into expressions with exponents and radicals.

Translate word expressions and equations into algebraic expressions and equations (including one or more variables and exponents).

Translate verbal expressions and sentences into algebraic inequalities and vice versa.

Use variables to represent unknown quantities in real world situations.

Combine and simplify algebraic expressions with a maximum of two variables.

Evaluate algebraic expressions and equations by substituting integral values for variables and simplifying.

Solve linear inequalities in one variable algebraically.

Chapter 8: “Identifying Solutions and Solving Equations”

Identify the number of solutions in a linear equation.

Solve equations with variables on both sides.

Solve equations requiring the distributive property.

Solve equations requiring combining like terms.

Chapter 9: “Systems of Equations”

Analyze systems of equations.

Identify the number of solutions in a linear equation.

Chapter 10: “Plane Geometry”

Use properties of parallelism, perpendicularity, and symmetry to solve real world problems.

Compare and describe properties of convex and concave polygons.

Apply the Pythagorean theorem to solve real world problems.

Identify congruence and similarity in real world situations and justify.

Identify and perform transformations (reflection, translation, rotation, and dilation) of a figure on a coordinate plane.

Identify how changes in dimensions affect area and perimeter.

Chapter 11: “Advanced Transformations”

Transform lines and line segments.

Transform angles.

Transform parallel lines.

Understand congruence.

Use a sequence of transformations.

Understand similar figures.

Describe sequences of transformations that show similarity.

Chapter 12: “Triangles”

Prove triangle theorems informally.

Understand angles formed when parallel lines are cut by a transversal.

Explore angle-angle similarity.

Chapter 13: “Advanced Pythagorean Theorem”

Use the converse of the Pythagorean theorem.

Apply the Pythagorean theorem in three dimensions.

Apply the Pythagorean theorem in the coordinate plane.

Chapter 14: “Three-Dimensional Geometry”

Find the volume of pyramids, prisms, and cones.

Apply volume formulas.

Find the surface area of pyramids, prisms, and cones.

Compare regular and irregular polygons.

Find the angle measure in two-dimensional figures and two-dimensional sides of three-dimensional figures based on geometric relationships.

Identify the relationship between volume or surface area and dimension.

Chapter 15: “Measurement”

Interpret and apply various scales including number lines, graphs, models, and maps.

Select tools to measure quantities and dimensions to a specified degree of accuracy and determine the greatest possible error of measurement.

Identify the number of significant digits as related to the least precise unit of measure and apply to real world contexts.

Chapter 16: “Graphing”

Use a table to find ordered pair solutions of a linear equation in slope-intercept form.

Graph linear equations in standard form.

Identify and graph inequalities on a number line.

Identify and graph inequalities in the coordinate plane.

Solve problems in two variables using linear inequalities.

Chapter 17: “Linear Relationships”

Given the graph of a linear relationship, determine the x- and y- intercepts.

Given the graph of a line, determine the slope.

Given the slope and y-intercept, write an equation.

Find a function rule to describe a linear relationship using tables of related input-output variables.

Using information from a table, graph, or rule, determine if a function is linear and justify.

Chapter 18: “Understanding, Using, and Interpreting Slope”

Graph proportional relationships and interpreting slope.

Use similar triangles to understand slope.

Use slope-intercept form.

Interpret y = mx + b as a linear function.

Chapter 19: “Functions”

Recognize functions.

Compare functions represented in different forms.

Interpret y = mx + b as a linear function.

Construct linear functions.

Describe a functional relationship by analyzing a graph.

Sketch graphs of functions.

Chapter 20: “Probability”

Calculate conditional probabilities and the probabilities of dependent events.

Define and differentiate between different types of sampling techniques.

Use different types of sampling techniques to collect data.

Identify whether a sample is biased.

Chapter 21: “Data and Statistics”

Interpret circle, line, bar, histogram, stem-and-leaf, and box-and-whisker graphs including how different displays lead to different interpretations.

Identify and explain how statistics and graphs can be used in misleading ways.

Determine appropriate measures of central tendency for a given situation or set of data.

Use technology to determine the mean, median, mode, and range of a set of real world data.

Chapter 1: “Vocabulary Skills”

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of synonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the same thing, in reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of antonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the opposite, in reading activities that incorporate explicit instruction and application.

The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the prefix of the root word or how the prefix is used in the context of a passage.

The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the suffix of the root word or how the suffix is used in the context of a passage.

The student will be able to identify and select the appropriate homophone or word that sounds the same, based on the context of a passage which fits the best meaning of the given word or phrase.

The student will be able to identify and analyze the author’s use of idioms, based on the context of a passage and how these expressions are used in literal and interpretative information.

The student will be able to identify and determine the meaning of unknown words, based on the understanding of Latin and Greek roots.

Chapter 2: “Process Skills: Think Alouds”

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Chapter 3: “Comprehension”

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Chapter 4: “State Simulation Assessments”

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Chapter 5: “Surviving the Applewhites – ILA”

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Chapter 6: “Ruthies Journal – ILA”

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Chapter 7: “Shipwreck – ILA”

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Chapter 8: “19 Varieties of Gazelle – ILA”

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Chapter 9: “True North – ILA”

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- Introduction to Matter
- Physical Properties
- Density
- Lab: Density of Solids
- States of Matter
- Changes of State
- Chemical Properties

- Atomic Theory
- Atoms
- Elements
- Periodic Table
- Metals
- Nonmetals
- Metalloids

- Compounds
- Chemical Bonding
- Ionic Bonds
- Covalent Bonds
- Polymers

- Introduction to Chemical Reactions
- Describing Chemical Reactions
- Balancing Chemical Reactions
- Types of Chemical Reactions
- Lab: Rate of Chemical Reactions

- Mixtures
- Solubility
- Properties of Acids and Bases
- Acids and Bases in Solution
- Lab: Acids and Bases

- Introduction to Motion
- Speed and Velocity
- Acceleration
- Lab: Motion
- Introduction to Forces
- Friction
- Gravity
- Newton’s Laws of Motion
- Momentum
- Lab: Newton’s Laws of Motion
- Cumulative Exam

- Work and Power
- Introduction to Machines
- Simple Machines
- Introduction to Energy
- Potential and Kinetic Energy
- Energy Transformations
- Lab: Kinetic Energy

- Temperature and Thermal Energy
- Heat
- Conduction
- Convection
- Radiation
- Lab: Thermal Energy Transfer

- Introduction to Waves
- Properties of Waves
- Wave Interactions
- Sounds Waves
- Using Sound

- The Electromagnetic Spectrum
- Properties of Light
- Reflection and Mirrors
- Refraction and Lenses
- Using Light

- Electric Charge
- Electric Current
- Ohm’s Law
- Electric Circuits
- Magnets and Magnetism
- Electromagnetism
- Applications of Electromagnetism
- Lab: Magnetic and Electric Fields
- Cumulative Exam

- Geography of the Nation and the World
- Analyzing Historical Sources
- Research in Social Studies
- Key Content Review: The Thirteen Colonies
- The French and Indian War
- Sons of Liberty

- The Revolution Begins
- The Declaration of Independence
- Fighting the Revolutionary War
- Creating a Constitution
- Ratification and the Bill of Rights
- The Jackson Era
- Reform Movements

- Sectionalism in the United States
- Lincoln
- The Civil War Begins
- The Emancipation Proclamation
- Turning Points
- End of the War
- Presidential and Radical Reconstruction
- Failures of Reconstruction
- Writing Workshop: Evaluating Research Questions and Sources in History

- A New Revolution
- Technology and Society in the Industrial Age
- A Worker’s Life
- The Immigrant Experience
- Urbanization in America

- Reforming Business and Industry in the Progressive Era
- Social Reform in the Progressive Era
- American Imperialism in the Pacific
- American Imperialism in Latin America
- The United States Enters WWI
- Wilson and the Treaty of Versailles
- Cumulative Exam

- Civil Rights at the Turn of the Century
- Women Win the Right to Vote
- 1920s America
- Art and Literature of the 1920s
- The Beginning of the Great Depression
- Challenges of the Great Depression
- Goals and Policies of the New Deal
- Writing Workshop: The New Deal

- Causes of World War II
- World War II on the Home Front
- Winning the War in Europe
- Winning the War in the Pacific
- Early Cold War Conflict

- The War in Korea
- The Cold War Era
- Civil Rights: Challenges and Changes
- Protesting to Demand Rights
- Expanding Civil Rights
- The Start of the Vietnam War
- The Turbulent Sixties
- Ending the Vietnam Conflict

- The Nixon Presidency
- The Ford and Carter Presidency
- The Regan Years
- The Cold War Ends
- The Bush and Clinton Presidencies

- Terrorism and Its Challenges
- The Modern Global Economy
- Into the Information Age
- Americans and Their Environment
- Population and Immigration
- Cumulative Exam

## Social Studies Scope and Sequence for Eighth Grade